A plant can be watered by anyone. However, understanding how plants use water and the many variables that come into play takes time and experience. These include the type of plant, its size, the texture of the soil, recent weather, sun exposure, time of day, and season. To summarize, watering your garden can not be a routine task. The amount of water a plant requires is constantly changing, so you must keep an eye on it.
To put it another way, becoming a watering pro necessitates hands-on experience in the garden. Follow these 7 best practices to get a head start:
1. Best way to start a day: watering
Morning is the best time to water your plants. If the leaves become wet, they have the entire day to dry out. It’s a perfect way to start a new day for your plants.Plant diseases find it much more difficult to establish themselves when the foliage is dry. If you can’t water in the morning, water your plants in the evening.
2. Listen your plant, check the soil before watering
The best moisture meter is right at your fingertips. When the soil surface appears to be dry, probe down a few inches to see if the soil is dry several inches below the surface.That means that it’s time to water. If the soil is still moist, you can give it another day.
3. Water the Plants’ Roots
Concentrate the water at the soil level and continue to apply it until the entire root ball of the plant is thoroughly soaked. Remember that the roots are likely to be as wide as the plant and as deep as a foot or two.
4. Every Drop Counts
To direct water directly to the root zone, use a watering wand, drip irrigation, or soaker hoses. Watering early or late in the day reduces moisture loss from the soil surface due to evaporation. Plants will lose less moisture if they are shielded from the wind.
5. Slowly pour water
Water may puddle or run off if the soil surface is dry and is not absorbed. The solution is to begin slowly and gradually increase the duration of the soak. The water will be absorbed more easily once the top few inches are moist.
6. Don’t leave them thirsty
Plants wilt in the heat of the day to conserve moisture, but they should perk up again by evening. The fine, hair-like projections on the ends of the roots may be damaged if the soil becomes too dry. When plants have to regrow these root hairs, they use energy that could otherwise be used to produce flowers and fruits.
7. Avoid Overwatering
Plants require oxygen just as much as they do water. It’s best to let the soil surface dry out a little between waterings for most plants. This is especially important for container plants. It is always preferable to water deeply and infrequently.
8. Use Mulch to Retain Moisture
A thin layer of organic mulch, such as compost, shredded leaves, shredded bark, or pine needles, applied to the soil, will help reduce evaporation and runoff. Mulch that is more than an inch thick can work against you by keeping moisture from reaching the roots.
For Outdoor Plants
9. Don’t use broadcast sprinklers
Broadcast sprinklers are inefficient in addition to soaking the plant’s leaves, which can increase the risk of a fungal disease. On a hot or windy day, much of the water distributed by this type of sprinkler evaporates before it even reaches the plant, resulting in less water reaching the plant’s base.
10. Water outdoor container plants at least once per day
Container garden and flower pot soil dries out faster than garden plot or flower bed soil. The more frequently you must water, the smaller the container. Soak the soil in containers in the morning, and if the thermometer reads 90 degrees or higher, soak them again in the afternoon. Alternatively, insert a standard plastic water bottle-attached automatic plant waterer with a hollow spike. When the spike is inserted into the pot, water slowly seeps into the soil, providing a consistent supply of water to the plant.
11.Trees require water as well.
For the first month, thoroughly soak newly planted trees and shrubs two or three times per week. After that, water them once a week during their first growing season. Water establishes trees and shrubs (at least two years old) only once every two weeks during the growing season when rain is scarce.
12.Water container plants with a wand.
A watering wand extends your arm’s reach, allowing you to direct water at soil level in overhead hanging plants and in short, ground-level flowerpots on the ground without stretching or stooping. You’ll save water by directing only the amount needed to the plant’s base, and you’ll save your back.
13.Do not use a jet spray nozzle to water container plants.
Although pressurized nozzles are useful for cleaning driveways and sidewalks, the spray they produce can harm tender foliage and blossoms. It can also disturb the soil around a container plant’s roots. If you don’t have a watering wand, simply remove the nozzle from the garden hose, hook it into the hanging pot or container, and slowly let the water run out.
14.Trusting rain is not always a good idea
Most garden plants, flowers, and shrubs thrive with at least one inch of water per week, though they may require more during hot, dry spells. Rain isn’t always enough to provide enough water for plants to thrive, so don’t rely on it to keep plants healthy. Instead, install a simple rain gauge in the garden and use it to track the amount of rain that falls each week. Water the garden if it receives less than an inch of rain.